Great Allegheny Passage and C&O Canal Tour (Eastbound), 7 days, Pittsburgh - Washington, $1,400
WHAT: MOUNTAIN BIKE / HYBRID TRAIL TOUR 334-350 miles.
WHERE: Pittsburgh, PA to Georgetown (Washington, DC)
WHEN: Inquire for your group of 8 or more.
Trip begins with charter transportation from near Georgetown, Washington, DC to Pittsburgh, PA, departing Georgetown area at 8:00 a.m. and arriving in Pittsburgh approximately 1:30 p.m., giving participants time to explore the Pittsburgh area on their own prior to the start of trail riding on the second day. Trip ends on the seventh day, at the same place where the charter transportation originated seven days earlier.
30-65 miles per day, with shuttle options to shorten daily distances.
WHO: OPEN TRIP.
TERRAIN: Level to 1% grade (See profile elevation map on tour highlights page). Packed dirt and crushed stone surface. 6-8 feet wide. Mountain, hybrid or cyclo-cross bicycles required.
RATING: Easy-Moderate. The terrain is easy, but the distance on the canal surface requires a moderately high fitness level.
LIMIT: 25 cyclists.
DISTANCES are as follows:
This tour combines the Great Allegheny Passage (GAP) Rail Trail, with the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Towpath, to provide a scenic, exhiliarating, adventure-packed six days on the trail plus time to explore Pittsburgh and Washington, DC, Frank Lloyd Wright's Fallingwater, civil war battlefields, and Harpers Ferry, and Great Falls. The tour originates with shuttle from Washington to Pittsburgh, where participants will have time to explore and/or bike on their own. Optionally, fly into Pittsburgh and out of Washington and avoid the shuttle. Explore the viaducts, tunnels, and area history and end day 4 with a fast, scenic, 23 mile downhill railroad grade that parallels the Western Maryland Scenic Railroad route to Cumberland. In Cumberland, the trail changes from rail bed to Canal Towpath, as we start down the C&O Canal on Day 5, pass through the Paw Paw tunnel, and choose whether to ride the last 12 miles on the paved Western Maryland Rail Trail or the C&O Canal, before ending in Hancock, MD. On Day 6, you can see Fort Frederick, an early stone fort, and Antietam Battlefield, if you choose, before riding into Harpers Ferry for over-night. On your final day, see the Monocacy Aqueduct, White's Ferry, and Great Falls National Park, ending in Washington, DC in the afternoon, where you can spend time sightseeing Washington, DC. Whether one spends an evening in town, or a few days, there is much to see and do in Washington, and fall is nearly crowd-free, compared with the spring and summer.
The Great Allegheny Passage combines several Pennsylvania and Maryland rail trails into a spectacularly scenic route free of traffic through the Western Maryland and Pennsylvania mountains between Pittsburgh and Cumberland. With trail connections between Frostburg and Cumberland, MD completed in 2006, and the final mile in Pittsburgh slated for completion by summer, 2013, the GAP extends from the C&O Canal to create a 350 mile trail between Washington, DC and Pittsburgh, PA, and offers access to some of the most beautiful scenery of the Atlantic states. The trail features three tunnels, including the 3,294' Big Savage (the second longest in western Maryland), a crossing of the Mason-Dixon Line (MD-PA border), the Eastern Continental Divide, stunning vistas of the Cumberland Valley from the trail, two long viaducts, and mature state forests offering colorful canopy along the cascading rivers.
Construction began on the Chesapeake and Ohio (C&O) Canal in 1828, the same year as the B&O Railroad was begun. The railroad won the race to the west, beating the canal to the Ohio Valley by 8 years. The 184-mile canal cost $22 million, and includes 74 lift locks, and 11 stone aqueducts over Potomac tributaries. The first canal boat to travel end-to-end along the canal did so in 1850, more than 150 years before us. The canal was used commercially until 1924 when floods destroyed it for the second time. The towpath, although no longer used to transport tobacco, furs, iron ore, and other goods, is currently maintained as a National Park with trip highlights including historic Harpers Ferry, Kilian’s Cave (and others), and the Paw Paw tunnel. The variation between the rail-trail and the canal are felt in the surroundings, architectures, and the water routes that align each trail.
Spring rides offer nice views through budding hardwood forests to the Potomac River. Summer offers a shade canopy from typically hot temperatures, and fall trips offer cooler temperatures with stunning views of hardwood forests normally reaching peak color in the second week of October. All year long, there are breathtaking vistas of the raging Great Falls of the Potomac River, as well as serene, peaceful moments along quiet stretches of the river.
DAY 1 Arriving and Exploring Pittsburgh
The first day includes chartered transportation from Washington, DC, where the riding will end, to Pittsburgh, PA, where you can tour Pittsburgh on your own. Use the time to view downtown Pittsburgh from the Duquesne Incline, to bike the metropolitan trail connections across the Hot Metal Pedestrian Bridge to mile zero in Point State Park, or to relax and enjoy Pittsburgh's vibrant night life before setting out on your five day ride. You will depart the Georgetown, DC area at 8:00 a.m., and arrive in Pittsburgh about 1:30 p.m., allowing time to unwind, or explore on your own.
DAY 2 – Out of Pittsburgh and Into the Woods
Start your GAP ride at the Pittsburgh Waterfront, the new trailhead opened in June, 2011, and ride the newly completed trail sections out of Pittsburgh to McKeesport, where you will quickly leave the bustle of the city and it's heavy industry behind. Here, the trail leaves the Monongahela River, and continues along the meandering Youghiogheny River through scenic forests. During the day, you will experience many highlights including Dravo Cemetery, West Newton (where the restored depot serves as a trail headquarters with a rail car sitting alongside), Cedar Creek Park, the small coal-era towns of Whitsett and Adelaide, and Colonel Crawford's cabin in Connellsville, where we stop for the night. Throughout this day, signs of coal mining operations and coke ovens of the past are most evident, and if you are observant you will see the coal seam in the bluffs along the trail.
DAY 3 – Tall, Tall Trees and Rushing Water - On to Ohiopyle and Confluence
You start the third day with an uninterrupted and unspoiled 16 mile stretch of trail through Ohiopyle State Park, where you hear class-III-IV Youghiogheny River whitewater cascading below you. After a few hours on the trail, you cross the Youghiogheny River on the High Bridge, travel across Ferncliff Peninsula, and cross the Yough again on the Low Bridge, signaling your mid-day destination of Ohiopyle, where we head for Fallingwater or Kentuck Knob, a Frank Lloyd Wright architected home near Ohiopyle, to tour the house and grounds, then return to Ohiopyle for our lunch. Now above Ohiopyle Falls, the third day winds down with an 11 mile riverside ride along the Middle Yough, a class I-II section of whitewater, that leads you to Confluence, where our lodging and a home-cooked italian dinner awaits. This town, named for the confluence of Laurel Hill Creek, the Casselman River, and the Youghiogheny River, was referred to as "Turkey Foot," by early settlers, since viewed from the surrounding high bluffs, the confluence of the three rivers looks like a turkey's foot.
DAY 4 Cresting the Eastern Continental Divide
The trail continues in a mild uphill manner (just .8%), as it leaves the Yough behind in Confluence, and begins to follow the natural flow of the Casselman River. One of the favorite views for tour participants is the High Bridge--Pinkerton Tunnel and Shoefly--Low Bridge stretch that comes just before the first Rest "Go." Before the tunnel was made safe for passage, the trail made (and still offers) a 1.45 mile detour around Pinkerton Horn, to reach the other end. Interestingly, the railroad did the same for a while, after timbers that lined the tunnel burned and caused it to be closed for a long period of time, before being repaired. Cyclists now have the option of riding the shoefly or directly through the tunnel. Late in the morning, you will leave the Casselman River, and begin to climb an open ridge toward the Eastern Continental Divide. Watch and listen for trains laboring up the same grade as you, on tracks across the ridge. Soon, you'll cross the Salisbury viaduct, lunch in Meyersdale, then cross the curving Keystone viaduct enroute the the trail's highest point near Deal. After this, you'll spin easily downhill and past the Eastern Continental Divide, on a grade of up to 1.75%, and through the Big Savage Tunnel, one of the overall highlights of the trip. As you exit the eastern portal of the tunnel, you are treated to fantastic views of the Cumberland Valley, and the White Cliffs nearly 11 miles away. You will soon cross the Mason-Dixon line into Maryland, pass through the Borden Tunnel, and reach the town of Frostburg, which offers historic homes, a beautiful brick railroad depot, and a small-town way of life. Look around the depot area (especially if the train is at the station), then continue the last 16 miles downhill to our oasis of Cumberland, where the group will overnight. Take a quick tour of the C&O Canal visitor's center, if you are in before closing time of 5 p.m. To capitalize on the variety of dining available in Cumberland, we make this dinner "on your own," but often go as a group.
DAY 5 From Rails to Waterways - Cruising the Towpath
Day five will begin with a scrumptious hot breakfast, after which you will set out along the water-filled canal ( watch for otters, great blue heron, beaver, deer, and other wildlife during the morning hours). You will also want to stop and check out some of the culverts that carry crossing streams underneath the Canal. At Old Town, where Michael Cresap's house lies just off the trail, you'll have your first snack "Go." By now, you will be settling into the water-powered mode of travel that pre-dated your bicycle, and you'll sense the difference between the railroad over the mountains and the waterway along the river. Soon, you will be at the Paw Paw tunnel, arguably the highlight of the C&O Canal Tour, and another snack Go. Continue through the tunnel with your flashlight, and take notice of the rope burns in the original wood railings, from canal boat tow ropes. After the tunnel, the tight mountain will open up to colorful trees in the most remote section of the C&O Canal trail through the Green Ridge State Forest, to the Lunch Go at Little Orleans (Fifteen Mile Creek Aqueduct). Soon after this stop, you will have a choice of continuing the canal towpath surface, and seeing the Round Top Cement Mill ruins from eye level, or switching to the paved Western Maryland Rail Trail for the final 12 miles into Hancock (in that case, only the chimney of the cement mill is easily seen). In Hancock, hot showers, buffet-style pizza fest dinner, and comfortable hotel beds will be waiting.
DAY 6 War and Peace - Passsing Fort Frederick and Antietam Battlefield to Harpers Ferry
On Day six, you will again have an opportunity to ride the paved Western Maryland Rail Trail, completing the ten miles to the east end, or stay on the canal surface and see the remains of a stone lockhouse and cross another aqueduct. You can take a left turn off the trail to visit Fort Frederick State Park and tour the historic fort for a few dollars. Big Pool, an area where canal boats wintered, turned around, or waited while other traffic cleared, follows. At Four Locks, you will see the remains of a small town and four closely spaced locks, as you stop for your first rest "go" of the day. Leaving there, you will curve back and forth along the Potomac River, and will pass the remains of Charles Mill, the flatwater area above Dam #5 and more aqueducts, into Williamsport, MD, where Cushwa Basin and one of the C&O Canal visitor centers are found, as well as the lunch "go." Here, you'll also find unique bridges, including a rare Bollman bridge, and a railroad lift bridge, as well as restored canal features.
Several more historic locks, buildings, aqueducts, and culverts are seen after lunch. Other attractions include the newly opened (2012) Big Slackwater trail section that avoids the road detour of the past 40 years, a series of caves in the bluffs along the canal. The most interesting cave is Killiansburg Cave, reached in the afternoon, which was used as shelter during the Civil War. It and another small cave just after it can be explored. If planning to explore the smaller cave, bring clothes you don’t mind getting mud stained, a good, bright working flashlight with new batteries, and be prepared to slither on your stomach for sections. This small cave has some narrow crawlways that open into rooms large enough for a couple people to stand together. The longest cave appears at mile 83.5. You can walk/crawl into this cave for a few hundred feet, if it isn’t too wet.
Antietam National Battlefield is a short ride from the towpath, and is an historically significant Civil War site, highlights of which you can see in an hour and a half side trip. Harpers Ferry serves as the night's oasis, after a full set of experiences on the trail. Harpers Ferry includes the Harpers Ferry National Park, where people dress in period clothing on weekends, and where numerous historical events took place, including John Brown's raid on the Union Armory, which touched off the U.S. Civil War. We end the day with a group restaurant dinner.
DAY 7 Into Washington via Great Falls National Park
On your final day, you'll cross the foot bridge across the Potomac River from West Virginia to Maryland, and continue east. The trail passes by 30 locks and lock houses, several aqueducts, including the longest on the trail, Monocacy Aqueduct, with its seven arches, just before lunch at Whites Ferry, where you can take the ferry across the Potomac River and back. After lunch, you will reach Seneca Creek, and the last aqueduct of the trail, then enter a 20 mile re-watered section of the trailinto Great Falls National Park. Enjoy the reflections at Widewater, explore the Great Falls Tavern Visitor Center and C&O Canal Museum, and enjoy views of the Falls from the National Park, Washington’s most impressive natural area. After a scenery filled day, the crowds and fitness enthusiast's presence will increase, as you complete your ride into the nation's capital.
COST: $1,400 per person includes: Trail maps; extensive cue cards; custom luggage tags; 6 breakfasts, 6 large picnic style lunches, 4 dinners (Pittsburgh dinner on day one, and Cumberland dinner on day four is on your own); tour snacks and drinks; six nights lodging (double occupancy) in hotels in Pittsburgh, PA, Connellsville, PA, Confluence, PA, Cumberland, MD, Hancock, MD, and Harpers Ferry, WV; baggage shuttle between hotels; periodic support along trail; and chartered transportation from Washington, DC to the Pittsburgh, PA starting location, including bike transport, with time to explore Pittsburgh on the afternoon of the first day.
NOT INCLUDED: Rental Bikes. Quality rental bikes are available from Get Out & Go Tours for $100 per trip. Single rooming extra.
See Frequently Asked Questions at the "FAQs" link, for answers to common questions.
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